The DS87C530/DS83C530 EPROM/ROM microcontrollers with a real-time clock (RTC) are 8051-compatible microcontrollers based on the Dallas high-speed core. They use 4 clocks per instruction cycle instead of the 12 used by the standard 8051. They also provide a unique mix of peripherals not widely available on other processors. They include an on-chip RTC and battery backup support for an on-chip 1k x 8 SRAM. The new Power Management Mode allows software to select reduced power operation while still processing.
A combination of high-performance microcontroller core, RTC, battery-backed SRAM, and power management makes the DS87C530/DS83C530 ideal for instruments and portable applications. They also provide several peripherals found on other Dallas high-speed microcontrollers. These include two independent serial ports, two data pointers, on- chip power monitor with brownout detection and a watchdog timer.
Power Management Mode (PMM) allows software to select a slower CPU clock. While default operation uses four clocks per machine cycle, the PMM runs the processor at 64 or 1024 clocks per cycle. There is a corresponding drop in power consumption when the processor slows.